845 Foothill Blvd La Cañada Flintridge, CA 91011


AMD Diagnosis and Treatment

 Explore how Age-Related Macular Degeneration (ARMD) impacts vision with Perception Optometry, offering insights into symptoms, treatment options, and preventive measures for ARMD in our La Cañada clinic.

Age related macular degeneration vision

When does age related macular degeneration start

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) usually starts affecting individuals in their 50s and 60s, though it can occur earlier or later. The risk of developing AMD escalates with age. This disease progresses incrementally and may initially present with minimal or no symptoms. As AMD progresses, it can lead to significant visual impairment, including visual distortion and central vision loss, which emphasizes the importance of regular eye examinations for early detection and management.

Early Stage

Often symptomless, making detection without an eye exam difficult. Increased difficulty adapting to low light levels, such as when entering a dimly lit restaurant or theater.

Intermediate Stage

Some individuals may still experience no symptoms, while others might notice mild central vision blurriness or difficulties in low light conditions.

Late Stage

Common symptoms include wavy appearance of straight lines and a blurry central vision area, which may worsen over time. Colors may appear less vibrant, and vision in low light becomes more challenging.

What causes AMD

Being overweight

Excess body weight has been linked to higher AMD risk, possibly due to increased inflammation and oxidative stress.

Family history

Genetic predisposition plays a significant role in AMD, and having close relatives with the condition increases your own risk.


Smoking tobacco significantly accelerates the progression of AMD by reducing nutrient and oxygen flow to the retina and increasing oxidative damage.

High blood pressure

Hypertension can impair retinal blood flow, exacerbating the risk of developing AMD or worsening its progression.

Being caucasian

Epidemiological studies indicate that white individuals are at a higher risk of developing AMD compared to other ethnic groups

Eating a diet high in saturated fats

Diets rich in saturated fats can contribute to the buildup of deposits in the retina, potentially triggering or aggravating AMD.

Patient Reviews

Sarah T.
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Wow! I finally found a friendly and honest optometry office in LA. Everyone was so nice and helpful - the Dr. especially. I felt heard and was well taken care of. The selection of contacts and glasses was great. My eye exam was very thorough and I learned a lot. Thank you so much Dr. Gevorgyan - looking forward to my next appointment!
Katherine A.
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Delightful staff and easy booking process with Zocdoc. Helped me with my insurance questions to make sure I understood all of my payments and expectations clearly.
Brian O
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Best experience I’ve ever had at an eye doctor. From the kind and lovely staff, to the thorough, professional, and empathetic doctor, all in a state of the art & super clean facility - all around great experience. Thank you!!

AMD Treatment Options

Currently, there’s no treatment for Dry AMD, but vision aids can help reduce the effect on your life. The impact on daily life can be managed with various visual aids designed to enhance remaining vision.

Wet AMD Treatment

Treatment for wet AMD is more intensive and may include regular eye injections of medications known as anti-VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor). These injections aim to slow the growth of abnormal blood vessels in the retina and prevent leaking, which can cause rapid vision loss. 

For cases where anti-VEGF injections alone are insufficient, photodynamic therapy may be used. This treatment involves injecting a light-sensitive drug into the bloodstream, followed by activating it with a light shone at the back of the eye to destroy abnormal blood vessels.

Did you know?

Eye exams help detect numerous systemic health issues such as diabetes, high blood pressure, autoimmune diseases, cancer, and stroke.

Dr. Maneh Hakobyan running comprehensive eye examination

The American Optometric Association recommends eye exams

At the age of

6-12 mths

at least once


3-5 y.o.

at least once

5-18 y.o.


16-64 y.o.

every 2 years

unless at risk for certain eye diseases.

65+ y.o.


Book your next appointment with us today